incumbent

[ in-kuhm-buhnt ]

Part of Speech

adjective,noun

Definition

adjective

necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility

noun

the holder of an office or post

Origin + Etymology

from Anglo-Latin incumbens, incumbent-, from Latin incumbere ‘lie or lean on’, from in- ‘upon’ + a verb related to cubare ‘lie’

Synonyms

adjective

  • binding
  • obligatory
  • mandatory
  • necessary
  • compulsory

noun

  • binding
  • holder
  • bearer
  • occupant
  • office-holder
  • officer

Antonyms

noun

  • unnecessary

Examples

adjective

The group on stage was the incumbent officers of the team.

noun

Gloria is our incumbent spokeswoman.

Stay Connected

Sign up to receive the word of the day, sent straight to your inbox.

By submitting this form, you are agreeing to our Terms of Use.